The basis of all life on Earth is solar energy. Historically, energy sources have changed over the last
few centuries in very profound ways. With each change, businesses are eliminated and others
replace them. For example, the time spent to obtain energy from whale oil to light up the lamps that
used this fuel was measured in days; now, a simple push of a button brings energy instantaneously,
in microseconds. We have relinquished fire, coal and steam in favor of electric and nuclear energy,
and are now approaching widespread dissemination of clean energy from sources such as wind
and the Sun. It is common wisdom that energy is not scarce on our planet. The search for energy
sources, however, brings economic, market and geopolitical forces into play, and this leads to the
centralization and decentralization of power.
There is a very important fact about solar energy: every day, every year, our planet receives from the
Sun thousands of times the amount of energy that humanity consumes. True, this energy is not yet
in usable form, but 20 years from now the economy will function entirely on sustainable energy,
especially solar and wind. It will be a radical shift. Today, development is timid, but in a few years
development will become exponential and overwhelming.
There is a huge opportunity for many countries that are economically, politically and socially less
advanced. Because most of them are located on or near the Equator, they will become the planet’s
biggest sources of solar energy. Let us do a quick exercise and see what we may be able to predict.
Entire populations will organize themselves around sustainable energies, begin large-scale
plantations and irrigation processes, desalinate seawater, found schools, increase trade and
industrial output. The accumulation of energy by means of batteries for night use is already
increasing. The emerging possibilities are no less than stunning! It remains for us to learn more, to
anticipate, to research and to take advantage of this abundant source of energy, because no way
has yet been invented to keep the Sun from shining or to make Earth leave its orbit! Let the
The discovery of very deep oil fields beneath the seabed hastens the search of large-scale
investment in technological development. Technology is par excellence the force that transforms
scarcity into abundance: the demand and supply of oil increases, a country’s geopolitical force
strengthens its position of prominence, it becomes possible to apportion oil profits to improve the
life of particular segments of the population. However, as we all know, solving a problem often
exposes unintended deficiencies and unintentional consequences, including moral ones, as when
the environment is damaged by this type of exploitation.